Peru is an incredible and enchanting country. Machu Picchu and Lake Titicaca are bucket list items for so many wanderers. If you are planning travel there, here are my top recommended Health and Safety tips and, I recommend going with a great tour company like, Alexander and Roberts! Check out their fantastic Peru itinerary below.
A lot of Americans have not experienced altitude sickness that can occur with increase elevation. The best way to prevent altitude sickness is to take it easy. Your body is trying to adapt to the lack of oxygen in the air, don’t think you are going to be able to run up the mountain to see Machu Picchu. It is a good idea to go to Cusco a day early to rest before going up to Machu Picchu. Take deep breaths! Most hotels provide oxygen in the rooms for you to use. Avoid alcohol, it will dehydrate you more. Drink lots of water, higher elevation means drier air and can dehydrate you, hence making you feel sick. Be aware of the different elevations of the different sites you are visiting and ascend slowly. For example, you will want to start somewhere like the Sacred Valley, then make your way to Cusco, then to Machu Picchu. Drink Cocoa Tea, it is all over Cusco and other cities with high elevations. This helps with any stomach issues.
Your General Health
Visiting these locations do take a bit of physical exertion and you should be in good general health when considering a trip to Peru.
No Vaccinations are currently required for travel to Peru, but it is recommended to talk to your doctor about a yellow-fever vaccine and discuss getting a vaccine for malaria.
Tummy Troubles and a Medical Kit
Avoid drinking the water in Peru. Only consume bottled water. I, personally always bring a medical kit with me when I travel to any foreign country that contains Pepto-Bismol, Imodium and a laxative. Just in case. Of course, there are other items such as band aids and Tylenol for quick fixes!
Always be aware of your surroundings and keep an eye on your belongings. Peru is not known for high crime but do not let your guard down. This is the case anywhere you visit. I suggest bringing a Pac-Safe bag with you that locks and is made with slash-proof material.
Welcome to Lima, Peru
On arrival, you’ll be warmly greeted and escorted to the exclusive Belmond Miraflores Park. Our luxury hotel offers a privileged oceanside setting in one of the capital’s most vibrant and exclusive districts.
After a leisurely breakfast, you’ll join our engaging guide, an in-the-know city native, to explore the splendid Colonial-era landmarks, colorful neighborhoods and vibrant city life of the capital. Just outside your hotel’s front door, you’ll begin with a walking tour through the inviting district of Miraflores – popular with city residents who come here to stroll and enjoy the shops, restaurants and fine views over the Pacific.
In the afternoon, you’ll discover the handsome Colonial architecture of downtown Lima. Stand in the historic Plaza Mayor, still a popular gathering place, and tour the Cathedral; built in the 1700’s on the site of an earlier 16th-century church, this handsome landmark is the oldest on the Square. Right next door, the Archbishop’s Palace is easily recognized by its grand wooden balcony. You’ll also tour the Church and Convent of Santo Domingo, a sprawling complex with lovely courtyards and Baroque paintings. Then delve into 3,000 years of Peruvian culture and achievement at the highly-regarded Lima Art Museum. Tonight, you’ll sit down to a wonderful welcome dinner with dramatic views overlooking the night-lit archaeological site at Huaca Pucllana, a sacred pyramid of the 4th century. Meals B+D
To Cuzco + Into the Sacred Valley of the Inca
After an early breakfast, you’ll be escorted to the airport for your included flight to Cuzco, the ancient capital of the once vast and mighty Inca Empire. On arrival in this high-mountain city, you’ll meet Carlos Seminario, our resident Andean expert on the ancient Inca and contemporary Peruvian traditions. Journey with him into the picturesque Sacred Valley to visit the Cochahuasi Animal Sanctuary where you will see endangered Andean species and learn about their work to preserve these creatures – including condors, macaws, parrots and even wild cats like the puma.
Continue to Awanacancha, a pioneering initiative encompassing more than 400 resident families in 14 Andean communities. With a mission to preserve the traditional textile arts of the region, you’ll see native weavers from these different communities as they create beautiful textiles using techniques that have been passed down for generations. You’ll also see the indigenous cameloids that are the source for the wool that is used for weaving: Alpacas have thick wool that is ideal for sweaters and blankets while vicunas are small and delicate creatures with very fine wool; Llamas and guanacos also roam around Awanacancha. At Pisac, you’ll find a charming town set in the shadow of a spectacular mountaintop Inca fortress; its colorful market is well-known, drawing villagers and international visitors alike. Then continue deeper into the heart of the Sacred Valley and check in to the Belmond Hotel Rio Sagrado. Amidst verdant fields and soaring mountains, our luxury resort evokes the timeless ambience of an Andean village.
Exploring Andean History + Culture
This morning, you’ll ascend with Carlos to the monumental fortress of Ollantaytambo, Inca-built with enormous stones and so strategically positioned that it was successfully defended against the Spanish in 1537. This is one of the most significant Inca sites in Peru, and its location in a narrow mountain valley framed by rugged peaks is truly breathtaking. In the shadow of the ancient fortress, the ancient community of Ollantaytambo provides vivid illustration of Inca urban planning. Laid out in a simple grid with cobblestone streets, perfectly constructed stone walls and canals, many of the buildings and residences date back 600 years or more.
For lunch, we’ve arranged for you to dine at Hacienda Huayoccari, a 17th-century garden estate that’s been home to the Orihuela family for over 100 years. Enjoy a delightful farm-to-table luncheon of hearty and traditional Andean fare featuring fresh produce from the estate and nearby farms. Afterwards, you’ll have time to explore the owner’s private collection of pre-Columbian, Inca and Colonial artifacts including a rare ensemble of Qeros; these traditional drinking vessels were made of wood, ceramic or even gold and date back to Inca times.
In the afternoon, you’ll visit the Maras salt mines; worked for generations by the same families, these remarkable terraced pools cascade down the mountainside and across the valley, offering a look into a timeless way of life that still endures in this remote region. Then journey across the highlands to ponder the circular terraces of Moray, perhaps one of Peru’s most fascinating and enigmatic sights. Scholars speculate that the ancient Inca may have used these terraces a type of agricultural testing station to study the effects of temperature and wind upon their crops.
To Machu Picchu on the Luxury Hiram Bingham Train
A two-day visit to Machu Picchu begins in style aboard the luxury Hiram Bingham Train. Sit down to a congenial onboard brunch with wine as you make this unforgettable journey through the scenic Urubamba River Valley, a timeless region of snow-capped Andean peaks, quiet villages and terraced fields that have been cultivated for centuries.
On arrival in the beguiling town of Aguas Calientes, you’ll board a coach for the 30-minute ride up the switchback mountain road that brings you to the entrance to Machu Picchu. The fabled Lost City is certainly the single greatest landmark in Peru – and perhaps all of South America. Indeed, little can be written here that would do justice to the breathtaking grandeur of its mountain setting, the enigmatic power and aura that so permeate this ancient citadel, and the unforgettable experience of standing among these ancient stones. And with Carlos’ illuminating expertise, your visit will bring to life the ancient Inca civilization that built Machu Picchu.
Tonight, you’ll be one of the privileged few to stay at the singular Belmond Sanctuary Lodge, the only hotel here on the mountaintop adjacent to the Lost City of the Inca.
Morning at Machu Picchu + Back to Cuzco by Train
You’ll want to arise early today to take advantage of our lodge’s one-of-a-kind setting. As the only hotel next to Machu Picchu, you’ll be among the first to enter the site this morning. At this early hour, the day-visitors from Cuzco and the Sacred Valley have yet to arrive and even those who spent the night in the town below will still be making the 20-minute ascent. With fewer people and the softer light of morning just breaking over the mountain peaks, this early-morning visit to Machu Picchu is one of the most memorable travel experiences you will ever have.
In the afternoon, you’ll make the return rail journey through the Sacred Valley. Enjoy the attentive service onboard the luxury Hiram Bingham Train and delight in cocktails and dinner on the rails as you share congenial conversation with your fellow travelers. On arrival in Cuzco, you’ll be escorted to the luxurious and intimate Belmond Palacio Nazarenas. Here in a restored Colonial mansion in the historic heart of town, you’ll find that your junior suite is oxygenated to help ensure your comfort at the city’s high-mountain altitude.
Cuzco’s Inca Sites
After breakfast, Carlos will take you into the hills outside of town to explore Tambomachay, one of Peru’s most fascinating Inca sites. With skillfully carved aqueducts and ingeniously engineered terraces, this amazing network of stone and water ends with a lovely dual cascade at the base. According to local lore, the clear waters from the thermal springs that feed Tambomachay have never run dry, and scholars speculate that the site may have been used by the ancient Inca for ceremonial purposes. Nearby at the Temple of the Moon, you’ll find two caves with ancient stone altars and carvings. Here at this sacred and mysterious site, we’ve arranged for you to witness an Andean purification ritual.
Next you’ll explore the magnificent ruins of Sacsayhuaman. Built in the 1400’s by the Inca Emperor Pachacútec, the massive limestone blocks of this venerated complex were cut with such precision that they fit together without mortar like the interlocking pieces of a jigsaw puzzle! With some individual stones towering more than 10 feet tall and weighing several hundreds of tons, Sacsayhuaman is a monumental achievement of architecture and masonry.
Sit down to lunch at La Princesita and the return to town where the rest of your afternoon and evening are at leisure. Your luxury hotel is in the heart of town making it easy step out and explore Cuzco’s inviting boutiques, galleries, cafes and restaurants.
Culture, History + Cuisine in Cuzco
This morning’s visits to the Almudena Cemetery and San Pedro Market offer both a fascinating contrast and complement to yesterday’s focus on Cuzco’s centuries-old Inca sites. Here at these seemingly quotidian places, Carlos will offer thoughtful cultural perspectives and personal insights into how ancient traditions – some dating back to Inca times – still endure in the life of local residents. Continue your sightseeing with the Cathedral and the other handsome Colonial-era landmarks that line the Plaza de Armas. At the Temple of the Sun and Convent of Santo Domingo, you’ll discover one of Peru’s most architecturally fascinating sites. It also demonstrates the rich layering of history here in Cuzco, where a sacred structure of one culture, the Convent, literally sits atop and practically encloses another, the Inca-built Temple of the Sun!
Your morning ends on the 11th floor of a Cuzco building where our stylish and gleaming rooftop kitchen awaits. Take in the views of the city and then join our skilled chef for a hands-on cooking class where you’ll learn to make both an appetizer and a luncheon entrée. Of course, you’ll also learn how to prepare a perfect Pisco Sour, the traditional Peruvian cocktail. Enjoy additional free time this afternoon to shop, relax and explore as you wish. This evening, you’ll dine at MAP Café, one of Cuzco’s finest restaurants.
Onward to Lake Titicaca
After breakfast, you’ll be escorted to the airport for your included flight to Puno, a bustling town along the northwestern shores of Lake Titicaca. Upon arrival, you’ll visit the remarkable towers of Sillustani that dot the rolling hills of the Lake Umayo peninsula. Erected by an ancient warlike people that predated the Inca here in the region, these cylindrical structures, some reaching heights of more than 30 feet, were used as burial towers for entire noble families, along with food and belongings that would be needed for the journey into the next world. After sightseeing, check in to your lakeview room at Puno’s best hotel, the Libertador – set on a remote peninsula surrounded by the blue waters of Lake Titicaca.
Across the Sacred Waters of Titicaca
Lake Titicaca is one of the highest lakes in the world and the largest in South America. Its beauty is breathtaking to behold and its sacred waters have been revered since pre-Inca times. Titicaca is perhaps best known for its amazing floating islands – made of Totora reeds and home to small but vibrant communities of the Uros people. This morning, you’ll set out with our expert guide to cross the waters and step ashore on these remarkable man-made structures. As you learn firsthand about their construction and maintenance, and the secrets behind their buoyancy, you’ll also gain insight into the history, traditions and daily of the Uros. You’ll also visit Taquile Island, famed for ancient agricultural terraces that climb the hillside from the lakeshore; its residents still speak the language of the Inca and weave beautiful textiles using techniques that have changed little over the centuries.
Back to Lima for Departure
We’ve included your flight to Lima where you’ll be met and escorted to the Larco Museum. With its highly-regarded collection of pre-Columbian artifacts, your tour with our expert Lima-based guide is a wonderful way to wrap up your foray into the Land of the Inca. Enjoy a congenial farewell dinner in the museum’s fine restaurant and then transfer to the airport for your onward flight.